A  doctor’s blog written to accompany patients on their fertility journey.

Thoughts on fertility problems

Most people who consult a fertility clinic have never thought that they would not get pregnant and had never thought about infertility. It is often quite stressful and to some even devastating to have to consult. The good news is that at present there are many paths to pregnancy like artificial insemination, IVF (In vitro Fertilization), egg donation, sperm donation and even Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis just to name a few.

Assisted Reproduction is a field that is advancing quickly as far as fertility technology is concerned. It is truly surprising for some people to realize how very common fertility problems are. It is reported that 1 out of 6 couples have fertility issues. It is calculated that one-third of all cases involve only the woman. In women, the most common infertility factor is age. It is not a known fact, but fertility starts declining at 25 and by 35 the decrease starts to be important. Other reasons women cannot get pregnant are ovulation disorders like polycystic ovary syndrome, endometriosis, uterine or cervical abnormalities, just to name a few. The male factor is the fertility problem in one-third of all couples who consult. The most important causes are abnormal sperm production or function, problems with the delivery of sperm and it is thought that many male fertility problems are because of environmental factors. The remaining one-third involves both members of the couple or no cause can be established.

With this blog, I hope to empower the reader to feel confident to learn about and consult their fertility issues. Happy reading!

Dr. Jennifer Rayward

C/Manuel de Falla #6-8

28036 Madrid (Spain)

About my blog


Conceiving by A.R.T. is a blog about trends in reproductive health, answers to the questions patients ask and the how and why of the procedures we perform in fertility. The name A.R.T. stands for Assisted Reproduction Technologies.

At the clinic, patients are diagnosed, they are told good and bad news, fertility cycles are carried out, research programs are put together, monthly meetings with other clinics are prepared, courses are taught to our extended community… lots of activity and many heartwarming stories to tell.

I started the blog for my patients. I want them to see that they are not alone. People go through many different experiences to have a baby: some take weeks to get pregnant and others take years. I want fertility patients to understand that we as specialists understand their imperative need to have children and that, for us as specialists, this need is our professional lives’ purpose.

About me


Born in the United States and raised in Switzerland, I moved to Spain at 19 for a year to learn Spanish. I loved Madrid and decided to make it my home. I went on to study Nursing and then went to Medical School in Madrid. After finishing Medicine I stayed on at the university and did research in Clinical Immunology for a few years.

I later worked in Gynecology.  I completed a Masters in Human Reproduction at the Complutense University in Madrid until I decided to devote my professional life exclusively to Assisted Reproduction in 2002.

I worked at Ginefiv and Instituto Madrileño de Fertilidad, both fertility clinics in Madrid, before founding ProcreaTec International Fertility Clinic with Dr. Lourdes Lopez Yañez. Our main interests at the clinic are to have state of the art technology, support our patients on their fertility journey and do research. At present we are studying EmbryoScope data and we also are interested in blastocyst development and PGD.

I love teaching, traveling, technology, vegan cooking and spending time with family and friends.